Deep half guard is a somewhat advanced position in sport BJJ that can be used to neutralize a much bigger opponent by keeping their weight off of you. One great thing about the position is that you can enter into it from a completely defensive position (like when the opponent has your back, for instance). Effectively, deep half can allow you to quickly turn the tables on your opponent, going from a very bad to a very good position. Sweeps are extremely high percentage from deep half guard, and you can even set up submissions. We’ll take a look at some very high percentage entries and plenty of sweeps here after a few bits of history on the deep half guard.
Years ago the half guard was known as a stalling position or a safety position. It was never really something that people thought of as a very strong offensive position. But then as grappling evolved so did the half guard, and it evolved a lot!
In that evolution of the half guard, the all mighty deep half guard was created. This version of the half guard is one of the most high percentage and offensive half guards you can play. Grapplers from the most basic to the most advanced play this position with great success and there’s no reason to think that it will fade away any time soon.
Among many of the highest level practitioners in BJJ, the deep half guard has become a staple. Just look at the effectiveness this guard has had for Bernardo Faria, Jeff Glover and Ryan Hall, to name just a few.
The first video we share with you today is not the newest cool attack or anything like that. Actually, it’s something much more important – it’s a foundation for your development of a strong deep half guard. The focus i nthis video is on the essential tips and concepts which will help you improve and build off of your deep half guard position with the hopes that you can use it to help you grow in your grappling, either in an offensive way or defensive.
What’s fascinating about jiu jitsu is the focus on appendage isolation. Be it the neck, the arm or the leg, any effective movement boils down to the reality that if the other person has two or more limbs in play it is far more difficult to really affect them. Deep half is essentially a method of isolation of a leg followed by transitions into sweeps and/or back takes.
If you are a beginner, this video will get you started on the right track. If you are experienced hopefully this video adds positional concepts into your game or refreshes concepts that you already knew. Either way it should end up having a positive effect:
For starters, entry into a deep half relies less on your opponent making a mistake and more on you doing things right. Acquiring some of the other guards, most often requires a certain error by your opponent, be it allowing for a sleeve grip to be obtained for spider or allowing a hook to be placed for DLR or allowing ones hips to be too close for full/closed guard. Deep half relies less on the error of an opponent.
For starters, when you enter deep half one of your arms is at risk. It is always important to remember that all the sweeps in the world will very likely not get you out of a locked in Kimura. Also depending on how your opponent plays there may be some chokes and leg locks hidden in there for them too. Deep half can be a vulnerable place to be. However, it is by far one of the best places from which one can hit sweeps and back takes. Yeah you’re not going to master deep half very quickly, but when you do, it will be a truly deadly part of your arsenal.
The entry can be 90% of the battle with deep half guard in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu. If you get there, you’re very likely to sweep, take the back, or submit your opponent, but getting there can be a bit of a challenge. Instead of relying on strength, you should count on a particular action from our partner here. In the first entry of this video entry, you start from a “combat base” position, one of the most common occurrences in both gi and no-gi BJJ. In the second, being extremely opportunistic the start will be fromthe back mount with hooks, one of the worst positions in all of jiu jitsu (if not the worst), and we’re quickly turning the tables on our opponent, preparing to hit a sweep right away.
Here is how to get directly into the deep half guard against a standing opponent:
Typically, in the deep half guard, you are trying to keep your body turned onto its side, and can control either your opponent’s hip or your opponent’s thigh with your top arm. The legs can do a variety of things, including triangling around the opponent’s leg, butterfly hooking underneath it and more.
The “hook sweep” from deep half guard is one of the earliest places where most people have success with deep half guard when they start utilizing it. The hook sweep is likely to be the sweep you use first, too. It’s really intuitive once your feet and hands are in the right position. You can also try rocking your opponent forward to get their weight to shift backward. As soon as this happens, the hook sweep is easy pickin’s!
Rodrigo Medeiros calls this position “little chair”, largely because the position is like having your partner sit in a rocking chair. Nowadays it’s almost always referred to as the “waiter sweep”. Whenever your partner puts his or her foot on the ground, it’s waiter sweep time. It’s going to be really hard for them to stop this particular move, especially if you’re properly hiding your arm and setting up the deep half correctly in the first place. You can see plenty of examples of this sweep in competition at all levels, from white to black belt, Gi and No-Gi.
Lapel sweeps are a very cool option you have from the deep half guard when rolling with the Gi. Using one, or both of the lapels can give you increased control over your opponents body, as well as an improved lever when going for the sweep:
If you play this position then you really have to watch out for two main submissions:
The main defense for these attacks is – you guessed it – awareness. The best way to develop this awareness is to grab a partner, get on top, and play around with these attacks yourself. This will really tune up your spider sense for these attacks; you’ll eventually be able to hear your opponent thinking about these attacks and adjust your game accordingly.
Another way to defend the big two Deep Half Guard submissions is with leg and arm position. The position of the legs in the first picture provides some protection against the kneebar; try it and see! The positioning of the left arm in the second picture (i.e. buried under the thigh) also makes it a lot harder for your opponent attack you with the Kimura.
Do you play deep half guard? If yes how long did it take you to get good at it? Did you find that up until you started getting proficient with it that it was a far riskier position than some of the other guards? What does it take to really get good at playing deep half guard?
Feb 08, 2016 0
Mar 08, 2016 0
Oct 01, 2017 0
Jan 19, 2016 0Kimura lock is one of the most effective and brutal submission holds in...